Abstract: The common approach to integration is that it doesn’t really begin until the assembly of actual product. However, there are many examples of where earlier actions did or could have prevented serious problems and reduced the costs of late changes. Several examples of these incidents will be explored and the lessons learned noted.
Bio: Jim Armstrong is an Industry Professor at Stevens Institute of Technology and has practiced systems engineering for 45 years performing various roles including configuration management, test, deployment, chief engineer, program manager, and program element monitor. For the last 20 years, he taught, consulted, and appraised systems engineering in industry and government. He has contributed to many of the systems engineering standards and models. He has been a member of INCOSE since its second year and has served in several local and international leadership positions as well as being a regular presenter at the International Symposia.